Download E-books Indo-European Poetry and Myth PDF

By M. L. West

The Indo-Europeans, audio system of the prehistoric mother or father language from which so much eu and a few Asiatic languages are descended, most likely lived at the Eurasian steppes a few 5 or 6 thousand years in the past. Martin West investigates their conventional mythologies, religions, and poetries, and issues to components of universal background. In The East Face of Helicon (1997), West confirmed the level to which Homeric and different early Greek poetry was once prompted by way of close to jap traditions, usually non-Indo-European. His new e-book offers a foil to that paintings by means of opting for parts of extra historic, Indo-European background within the Greek fabric. subject matters lined contain the prestige of poets and poetry in Indo-European societies; meter, variety, and diction; gods and different supernatural beings, from Father Sky and mom Earth to the Sun-god and his appealing daughter, the Thunder-god and different elemental deities, and earthly orders comparable to Nymphs and Elves; the kinds of hymns, prayers, and incantations; conceptions concerning the global, its beginning, mankind, demise, and destiny; the ideology of reputation and of immortalization via poetry; the typology of the king and the hero; the hero as warrior, and the conventions of conflict narrative.

Show description

Read or Download Indo-European Poetry and Myth PDF

Similar Ancient Medieval Literature books

The Letters of the Younger Pliny (Penguin Classics)

Delivering a sequence of attention-grabbing perspectives of Imperial Rome, The Letters of the more youthful Pliny additionally provide one of many fullest self-portraits to outlive from classical instances. Pliny's vigorous and intensely own letters handle an dazzling diversity of themes, from a deeply relocating account of his uncle's demise within the eruption that engulfed Pompeii, to observations at the early Christians—"a determined type of cult carried to extravagant lengths"—from descriptions of daily life in Rome, with its scandals and lawsuits, to Pliny's existence within the nation.

The Digest of Roman Law: Theft, Rapine, Damage, and Insult (Penguin Classics)

Codified by way of Justinian I and released below his aegis in A. D. 533, this celebrated paintings of felony historical past kinds a desirable photo of normal existence in Rome. For greater than seventy years, Penguin has been the prime writer of vintage literature within the English-speaking international. With greater than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a world bookshelf of the easiest works all through background and throughout genres and disciplines.

Livy: The Early History of Rome, Books I-V (Penguin Classics) (Bks. 1-5)

With stylistic brilliance and old mind's eye, the 1st 5 books of Livy's enormous heritage of Rome list occasions from the root of Rome throughout the historical past of the seven kings, the institution of the Republic and its inner struggles, as much as Rome's restoration after the fierce Gallic invasion of the fourth century B.

Celtic Mythology: Tales of Gods, Goddesses, and Heroes

Most folks have heard of the Celts-the elusive, old tribal those that resided in present-day England, eire, Scotland and France. ironically characterised as either barbaric and blameless, the Celts attract the trendy international as a logo of a bygone period, an international destroyed through the ambition of empire and the unfold of Christianity all through Western Europe.

Additional info for Indo-European Poetry and Myth

Show sample text content

6); and some different minor figures. fifty eight In Greece we've got Alastor, most likely ‘Unforgetter’, the demon that pursues these tainted by way of blood-guilt, and lots of titles of Zeus that concentrate on a unmarried functionality, akin to Αγ τωρ, Α αντ ρ, Αστραπα´τα (Homeric στεροπητ ), Αφ κτωρ, Γενν τωρ, Εκτωρ, Μαιµακτ ρ, Σωτ ρ. fifty nine Jupiter too has such titles in lots: Cultor, Defensor, Depulsor, Inventor, Iutor, display screen, Pistor, Stator, Victor, and others. there are lots of Roman godlets of similar shape. whilst the Flamen played the sacrum cereale for Tellus and Ceres, he invoked Vervactor, Reparator, Imporcitor, Insitor, Obarator, Occator, Sarritor, Subruncinator, Messor, Convector, Conditor, and Promitor, all controlling different levels of the rural cycle. 60 there's no unmarried identify between all of the above that may be attributed even to a overdue section of Indo-European. yet we may possibly think that this system of constructing divine names is going again to early occasions. fifty seven Usener (1896), 279; Schrader (1909), 35–7. On such ‘Sondergötter’ see Usener, 75–9 (Roman), 108–15 (Baltic), 122–77 (Greek); Oldenberg (1917), sixty three, 258 (Indian). fifty eight On them all see Macdonell (1898), 115–18. fifty nine For those and others see of Zeus’ titles in RE xA. 253–376. 60 Fabius Pictor fr. 6 in E. Seckel–B. Kuebler, Iurisprudentiae Anteiustinianae Reliquiae, i. 6 (Leipzig 1908); Usener (1896), seventy six. three. Gods and Goddesses 137 Many gods’ names comprise the suffix *-nos or (feminine) *-neh2 > -na¯. They comprise deities attested within the moment millennium , the Hittite storm-god Tarhunna (from tarh- ‘overcome, vanquish’) and the Indic Varuna ˘ (from var(-u-)˘ ‘cover, protect’). within the ecu languages the suffix used to be additional to present nouns to suggest ‘controller of’, ‘lord of’. It made not just divine names but in addition human titles like Greek κο ρανο ‘army chief’ (see p. 449), Latin domi-nus, tribu¯-nus, Gothic þiudans ‘king’ (< *teuto-nos: *teuta¯ ‘people’), outdated English dryhten, outdated Norse drottinn ‘lord’ (< *drukti-nos: *drukti- ‘armed retinue’). sixty one As for deities, we may well consult with the Greek Ouranos < *Worsanos, ‘lord of rain’, and Helena < *Swelena¯, ‘mistress of sun’ (p. 231); the Illyrian Menzanas, ‘lord of horses’; the Roman Neptu¯nus, ‘lord of waters’ (p. 276), Volca¯nus, ‘lord of fire-glare’ (p. 268), Silva¯nus, ‘lord of woods’, Portu¯nus, ‘lord of ports’, Tiberı¯nus, ‘lord of the Tiber’, and goddesses equivalent to Fortu¯na, Bello¯na, Po¯mo¯na; the Germanic Woden/Odin < *Wo¯ð anaz, ‘lord of frenzy’; the Gallic Epona, goddess of horses, Nemetona, goddess of groves, Ritona Pritona, goddess of shopping for and promoting, and plenty of others;62 the Lithuanian thunder-god Perkunas, ‘lord of oaks’, Ve˜linas, ‘lord of the lifeless’ (modern Vélnias, the Devil), and Zˇemýna, Zˇemy˜ne˙, ‘mistress of the Earth’. Perkunas, as we will see in bankruptcy 6, has a few declare to Indo-European antiquity, yet for the remainder, as relating to the agent-noun formations, it's the variety that's inherited instead of the person representatives of it. within the extra easterly elements of the Indo-European quarter the belief ‘lord/lady of’ will be expressed extra explicitly by using the note *potis, female *potnih2.

Rated 4.03 of 5 – based on 20 votes